Independence is a city in and the county seat of Montgomery County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 9,483.
Independence is located at 37°13′42″N 95°42′41″W / 37.22833°N 95.71139°W / 37.22833; -95.71139 (37.228251, -95.711392), along the Verdigris River just south of its confluence with the Elk River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (12.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,846 people, 4,149 households, and 2,609 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,979.4 people per square mile (764.9/km²). There were 4,747 housing units at an average density of 954.3 per square mile (368.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.00% White, 7.17% African American, 1.16% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.84% of the population.