Vanceburg is a city in Lewis County, Kentucky, United States, along the Ohio River. The population was 1,731 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Lewis County.
Vanceburg is part of the Maysville Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Vanceburg is located at 38°35′45″N 83°19′11″W / 38.59583°N 83.31972°W / 38.59583; -83.31972 (38.595802, -83.319725).