Brunswick is a rural city in Carroll County, Missouri, United States. The population was 925 at the 2000 census. The Missouri Farmers Association (MFA Incorporated) was founded here in 1914. Today the city is considered the Pecan Capital of Missouri. The town is known statewide for its yearly Pecan Festival, held the 1st weekend in October.
For thousands of years varying cultures of indigenous peoples settled by the Missouri River. At the time of European contact, historical tribes in the area included the Missouri, Osage, Kaw, Otoe and others. In 1723 Etienne de Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont built Fort Orleans near here, established on the Missouri River. It was occupied 1723-1726 as the first multi-year European fort and settlement in present-day Missouri. It was to be a trading centerpiece of La Louisiane, the new territory claimed by the French.
After the French colonial period and the Louisiana Purchase, Brunswick and Carroll County were settled in the early decades of the nineteenth century, primarily from migrants from the Upper South states, especially Kentucky and Tennessee. They brought African-American slaves and slaveholding traditions with them. The new landowners had their workers plant and cultivate crops similar to those in Middle Tennessee and Kentucky: hemp and tobacco. Chariton was one of several counties along the Missouri settled mostly by southerners, and the area became known as Little Dixie.