Sturgeon is a city in Boone County, Missouri, United States. It is part of the Columbia, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 944 at the 2000 census.
Sturgeon is located at 39°13′59″N 92°16′49″W / 39.23306°N 92.28028°W / 39.23306; -92.28028 (39.233166, -92.280300). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 944 people, 382 households, and 260 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,494.9 people per square mile (578.5/km²). There were 407 housing units at an average density of 644.5 per square mile (249.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.35% White, 0.53% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.42% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.