Rosman is a town in Transylvania County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 490 at the 2000 census. The northern terminus of U.S. Route 178 is less than one mile northwest of Rosman on U.S. Route 64.
The Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute is located about 6 miles north of Rosman, near Balsam Grove, North Carolina.
Known first as Jeptha, Rosman became known as Toxaway into the beginning of the 20th Century. Because this caused confusion with the nearby resort town of Lake Toxaway (10 miles to the west), in 1903 the name was changed to Eastatoe. The citizens apparently did not like the new name, so Joseph Silversteen (local industrialist) gave the town the name Rosman in 1905. The name came from two of Mr. Silversteen's business associates, Joseph Rosenthal and Morris Osmansky.