Perth Amboy, NJ


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Perth Amboy is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. The City of Perth Amboy is part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2000 United States Census, the city population was 47,303. Perth Amboy is known as the "City by the Bay", referring to Raritan Bay.
The Lenape called the point on which the city is built "Ompoge" meaning "level ground". When settled in 1684 the new city was dubbed New Perth in honor of James Drummond, Earl of Perth, one of the associates of a company of Scottish proprietaries. The Algonquian language name persisted, corrupted to Ambo, or Point Amboy, and eventually a combintion of the native and colonial names emerged, also appearing in South Amboy.
Perth Amboy has the distinction of being the only American city to incorporated twice. The city was formed by Royal Charter on August 4, 1718, within various townships and again by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on December 21, 1784, within Perth Amboy Township and from part of Woodbridge Township. Perth Amboy Township was formed on October 31, 1693, and was enlarged during the 1720s to encompass Perth Amboy city. Perth Amboy Township was incorporated as one of New Jersey's initial 104 townships on February 21, 1798. The township was absorbed by Perth Amboy city on April 8, 1844.