About This Place
Covering nearly 41 square miles of land, Buffalo has a population of approximately 261,000, making it the second most-populated city in the state after New York City. Situated at the junction of Lake Erie and the Buffalo and Niagara rivers, the city is named for its location near Buffalo Creek. A blue-collar town at heart, Buffalo's character combines a down-home feel meshed with striking architecture and an enticing outdoor scene.
The city began at the close of the 18th century as a trading community, and then developed into a port city and manufacturing powerhouse. In recent years, Buffalo has become a hub for healthcare, the arts and academia. Its strong cultural environment has much to do with the three State University of New York institutions in the area, bringing approximately 55,000 students to the city.
The city’s parks, popular Buffalo attractions, offer an abundance of public green space. Many are part of the Olmsted Park and Parkway System, brainchild of famed landscape designer Frederick Law Olmsted. Premier among the Olmsted-designed spaces in Buffalo is Delaware Park. This 350-acre park spans meadows, forests and water; it’s one of the reasons why Buffalo enjoys its nickname: City of Trees. There, visitors can tour the vibrant Japanese Gardens, wander in the Rose Garden or access the park's golf course and lawn bowling courts for leisure and outdoor activity.
Many Buffalo buildings are distinctive architectural works from the 19th and early 20th centuries. Nearly 80 structures in the city are listed in the National Register of Historic Places, adding to a visitor’s list of things to see in Buffalo. Among architectural Buffalo attractions is the Buffalo City Hall building, a commanding Art Deco skyscraper and the tallest city hall in the U.S. Also well known, the Guaranty Building is an outstanding example of a late-19th century office building. Other notable buildings include homes designed by renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright, including the Martin House Complex, five interconnected structures considered by scholars to be a crowning achievement of both the Prairie period and Wright’s career.
The city’s large student population contributes to the abundance of performance and fine art venues in Buffalo. Scores of art galleries are located in the city, including the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, focused on modern and contemporary art, and CEPA Gallery, which exhibits photography. Drawing crowds year-round are Buffalo’s art events, such as the Allentown Art Festival and 100 American Craftsmen, a contemporary craft show.
Other things to do in Buffalo include attending a performance by the Grammy Award-winning Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra and seeing a touring Broadway show at Shea's Performing Arts Center. Post-performance, Buffalo’s vibrant city nightlife can be enjoyed at a local disco, a pub on West Chippewa Street, or along the Elmwood Strip, where hungry visitors can find a wide range of food choices and city laws allow adult beverages to be served until 4 a.m.