Fairfield is a city in Butler County in the U.S. state of Ohio, near Cincinnati. Fairfield was incorporated in 1955. The population was 42,510 at the 2010 census. The city school district is one of the largest in Ohio, with Fairfield High School graduating 842 students in June 2009. Fairfield is home to Jungle Jim's International Market and the Cincinnati Mall. On December 28, 1994, the city withdrew from Fairfield Township. The area is heavily Republican, and John McCain took over 70% of the vote in the 2008 Presidential Election.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.1 square miles (54.6 km²), of which, 21.0 square miles (54.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.43%) is water.
An evolution of Fairfield:
1877 — The Groh family settles in what would become the city of Fairfield. Patriarch Fred Groh purchased 50 acres (200,000 m2) in Fairfield Twp.
1953 — On Aug. 6, 1953, the Hamilton Journal and Daily News reported a master plan to annex half of Fairfield Twp., taking half the schools and the township’s major industries.
1954 — In April, voters said ‘no’ to incorporating the entire township 1,219 to 831. On July 10, township residents said ‘yes’ to incorporating 738 for to 216 against.
1955 — Attempts to detach the village and annex into Hamilton continued. The council pursued to annex a 10-square-mile (26 km2) area known as Stockton. Results of a special census was announced on Sept. 20 there were 6,202 residents.
1965 — The third, and current, Fairfield Municipal Building was dedicated. Residents could visit the government building, which is at the corner of Wessel Road and Pleasant Avenue, could take tours.
1972 — The 11th annual Homearama is held in Fairfield, the first one outside Hamilton County. Homearama’s annual showcase returned two more times in Fairfield.
1974 — Jim Boniminio purchases land at 5440 Dixie Highway and after a reluctant planning commission approves his request to open a permanent fruit and vegetable market on the industrial zoned land. Today there are 50,000 weekly shoppers and has annual sales of nearly $100 million.
1979 — The Fairfield Golf team wins a state championship, the first team or individual state title for the school.
1985 - Fairfield wins State HS Baseball Championships. 1985 — Don Bennett becomes the city’s first full-time fire chief.
1986 - Fairfield HS wins state football championship versus Lakewood St. Edwards. 1989 — Forest Fair Mall opens with three anchors and 37 specialty stores. The $200 million mall with 1,700,000 square feet (158,000 m2) straddles the Fairfield and Forest Park border. Redevelopment of the mall in 2004 leads to renaming the mall Cincinnati Mills.
1991 - The Fairfield High School Baseball team is named USA Today National Champions
2001 — In September, Village Green Park debuted. It was developed to give Fairfield a downtown.
2005 — In May, the Community Arts Center debuted, completing the city’s “crown jewel.” The Community Arts Center serves as a “bookend” to the Fairfield Lane Library, which opened at with Village Green.