Lisbon is a village in Center Township, Columbiana County, Ohio, United States. The population was 2,788 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Columbiana County.
Lisbon was first settled by immigrants coming from Pennsylvania and parts of Europe in the early 19th century. It is the location of the first Ohio newspaper, The Ohio Patriot, founded by an Alsatian immigrant, William D. Lepper. Lisbon has the distinction of being the northernmost western town involving military actions during the American Civil War. Confederate cavalry officer John Hunt Morgan surrendered to Union forces near here at the end of his raid into Indiana and Ohio.
Among the notable natives of Lisbon (then New Lisbon) was Civil War general William T. H. Brooks, who commanded a division in the Army of the Potomac during the Siege of Petersburg in 1864.