Redmond is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. Incorporated on July 6, 1910, the city is located on the eastern side of Oregon's Cascade Range, in the High Desert, and is considered the geographical heart of Central Oregon. From Redmond there is easy access to a multitude of recreational opportunities, including mountain biking, fishing, hiking, camping, rock climbing, white-water rafting, skiing, and golf. Redmond is a progressive full-service municipality and one of the fastest-growing industrial and residential communities in Oregon. Redmond had a population of 26,215 in 2010, and the population continues to grow at a rate of about 8% each year.
The city encompasses 15.5 square miles (40 km2) and is located on a flat plateau, at an elevation of 3,077 feet (938 m) above sea level. Redmond is 15 miles (24 km) north of Bend—the county seat of Deschutes County—144 miles (232 km) from Portland, 129 miles (208 km) from Salem—the capital of Oregon—and 126 miles (203 km) from Eugene.
Oregon had been a state for 45 years by the time Frank and Josephine Redmond pitched their first homestead tent near the area that would later take their name in 1905. With these agricultural roots, the city was platted by an irrigation company building a major canal project. In 1911, a year after the town was incorporated, electrification reached Redmond as well as the Oregon Trunk Line Railroad, which opened new markets for farmers and merchants in the area. By 1930, the town had grown to 1,000 people, and by 1940, the population had nearly doubled. In the 1940s, Redmond was selected as a U.S. Army Air Base and commercial air service was established at Roberts Field after World War II. Over the following three decades (1950s, '60s, '70s) and most of the '80s, the town's population remained relatively static, growing slowly around a small commercial/retail center and manufacturing industry. However, during the 1990s, the town's population began to grow along with most of Deschutes County. Between 2000 and 2006, Redmond's population grew by 74.3%, making it among Oregon's fastest-growing cities each year. This rapid growth has continued through 2006, increasing the population to 23,500. Its growth is fueled by employment opportunities and a comparatively lower cost of living.