Arcola is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia, USA. The population as of the 2010 Census was 233.
Leesburg is situated 14 miles northwest of Arcola; the national capital, Washington, D.C., lies 33 miles to the east.
The genesis of Arcola was a small spring next to a gum tree that fed into the south fork of Broad Run, suitably called Gum Springs. During the colonial era a distillery, kiln and small church were established at the spring.