The 10 Most Poorly Designed Cities in the World

It’s fair to say that no city can ever be perfect as they are constantly evolving, changing and at times their systems can break down. Anyone who has sat in traffic for 3 hours in downtown Atlanta, Georgia can agree with that. But there are some cities around the world that are worse than the rest, and for a variety of reasons including poor road layout, no green space, non-working traffic lights, overcrowding and more. From India to Montana to Brazil, here are the top picks for the most poorly designed cities in the world:

10. Missoula, Montana, USA

Legend has it that when this city was first being established there were two brothers overseeing development who unfortunately had a falling out in the middle of the process. Instead of resolving their problems, they each began plotting out and building their own grids from separate sides of the city. The two grids converge in the middle of the city, which residents refer to as the “malfunction junction”. Others call this the most poorly designed city in the world because of its “Slants Streets” neighborhood, an offbeat part of town that was created when two lawyers wanted to break away and build a whole new town. The town ultimately said no and created their street plan with a grid, throwing everything out of whack. Whatever story you choose to believe, this city is a mess of bad intersections and confusing streets where trying to make a left hand turn is next to impossible.

Missoula, Montana

9. Dubai, United Arab Emirates

It may be surprising to many that this city makes the list as it is one of the fastest growing economies in the world but Dubai ends up at number nine on this list for a variety of reasons. The increasing number of skyscrapers and residential estates that take up hundreds of acres simply don’t jive well together. The entire layout of the city is connected by massive roadways leading from one enormous development to the next. Walking around the city is next to impossible because of this and frankly this city is lacking in shared public spaces. Parks and squares that encourage togetherness are void from Dubai and instead there are giant shopping malls and indoor ski resorts. If you are looking for a city where you can get to know your neighbors, have a picnic in the park or simply get some outdoor exercise; you may want to avoid Dubai.

All.in / Shutterstock.com
All.in / Shutterstock.com

8. Atlanta, Georgia, USA

If you are planning on moving to Atlanta and enjoying a traffic-free commute, think again. Traffic doesn’t get much worse than this city and in fact the traffic here is legendary. In the 1980’s and 90’s there was a boom in Atlanta that caused a massive urban sprawl and along with poorly situated highways; there seems to be no hope in terms of it getting any better. One of the major problems here is the division of race and class that leads to clashes in what should be done to alleviate the traffic problem. Georgia also happens to be one of the bottom five states in terms of highway spending per capita, meaning they aren’t committed to any kind of game plan to fix the system. Unless something drastic happens in this city, expect that the poor design will continue for decades.

Photo by: Flickr/Matt Lemmon
Photo by: Flickr/Matt Lemmon

7. Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Although this city boasts one of the most beautiful neighborhoods in all of the USA, Boston can be extremely difficult to navigate due to the layout of the streets. Navigating these maze-like streets can be overwhelming to both visitors and locals and although the common misconception is the streets were laid out on top of wandering cow paths, the truth is they simply weren’t laid out according to plan. The combination of random one-way streets and convoluted intersections pose significant safety issues for runners, walkers and cyclists. And although the “Big Dig” project has improved this city in many ways, it has cost an estimated $22 billion, an amount of debt that will not be paid off until approximately 2038. Although this city looks pretty, it certainly isn’t easy to find your way around and it came at a huge price to fix the problems.

Boston Aerial

6. Dhaka, Bangladesh

This capital city is truly a disaster, from one urban dysfunction to another. It stands to reason that this might happen considering out of the city’s 650 major intersections, only 60 of them have traffic lights, and only some of them work. Millions of rickshaws, cars, bike, buses, cows and motorcycles share these roads and driving here is downright dangerous. The awful transportation system means that many inhabitants are forced to live in the slums in the city, rather than commuting from outside, creating poor sanitation and water systems. This massive failure of infrastructure needs a total overhaul before it can begin to get better. In the meantime there will continue to be millions living in poverty and millions fighting each other for road space, truly proving it as one of the most poorly designed cities in the world.

Dmitry Chulov / Shutterstock.com
Dmitry Chulov / Shutterstock.com

5. Sao Paulo, Brazil

Over the course of the 20th century this city transitioned from a small urban environment into a sprawling metropolis, leading to what is one of the most poorly designed cities in the world. This shift in environment meant that the rich took over the center of the city and the poor were pushed to the outskirts; forcing a high number of commuters to the roads. In order to try and alleviate congestion this city implemented a two-mile elevated highway that winds right through the heart of the city, narrowly missing resident’s houses. This noisy eyesore replaced a lively neighborhood that was a cultural center of the city. The rich of the city don’t even bother dealing with roads though; instead they choose to get around by helicopter, making Sao Paulo the city with the world’s largest fleet of helicopters per capita. Unfortunately if you can’t afford a helicopter, you’re forced to deal with this:

AFNR / Shutterstock.com
AFNR / Shutterstock.com

4. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Hurricane Katrina devastated this city a decade ago due to the levee system failing miserably, a system that was designed to protect the city from storm surges. The large majority of Greater New Orleans was flooded and many people lost life and homes. Add this to the fact that this city is built on thousands of feet of soft sand, silt and clay and the song “New Orleans is Sinking” is actually coming true. Combine this with the awful traffic congestion and poor layout of roads and you can understand why this city ranks number 4 in the most poorly designed cities of the world. The saving grace of this city may just be its Mardi Gras festival that brings millions of dollars in revenue; enough to hopefully fix this infrastructure so another tragedy like Hurricane Katrina doesn’t strike this city again.

New Orleans, Louisiana highway

3. Naypyidaw, Myanmar

This fairly new capital of Myanmar has only been in existence since 2005, when the country’s government decided a change of scenery was in order. What was once a land of empty fields has been turned into a super city, six times the size of New York City and complete with 20-lane highways and widespread WiFi access. It sounds pretty great, so why is this city on the list? It happens to be located literally in the middle of nowhere with practically no residents. Government officials are pretty much the only people who choose to call this city home and while the streets and roads should be bustling with activity, more often than not there is no one around. Cities are meant to lived in and over the past decade, this city is failing miserably. Only time will tell if this was money well spent or not.

Photo by: NBC News
Photo by: NBC News

2. Brasilia, Brazil

It is the second Brazilian city on the list and while San Paulo suffers from a lack of design, Brasilia seems to suffer from too much design. This country just can’t seem to find a happy medium. The city of Brasilia was created from a plan back in the 1950’s which took inspiration from an airplane layout and included modernist concrete architecture, meant to make the city hold for years. While visually appealing to some, this city has earned a reputation for being sterile and artificial. It was also designed to house only 500,000 inhabitants but over the years has become home to almost 3 million people. In order to house all these people, it was no longer about keeping the city beautiful and more about creating room for them. Therefore Brasilia has become this mismatch of temporary fixes overshadowing its original beauty.

Donatas Dabravolskas / Shutterstock.com
Donatas Dabravolskas / Shutterstock.com

1. Jakarta, Indonesia

It happens to be the country’s capital and one of the most poorly designed cities in the World, a combination that makes getting around here a disaster. An ever-increasing number of car owners that come from the expansion of suburbia that surrounds this mega-city are to be blamed for the 400 hours a year that citizens spend in traffic. It is actually hailed as being the worst traffic in the world. It doesn’t seem like there is any solution for this mega-city as the infrastructure here falls into the hands of the local government and contracts are renegotiated annually; which means long-term projects are pretty much impossible. An average trip in this city takes about 2 hours; leaving plenty of drivers frustrated at all times. If you thought traffic was busy in your city, try living here for a few years.

Photo by: Indonesia Expat
Photo by: Indonesia Expat

The World’s Busiest Passenger Airports

If you’ve ever been in or around an airport you’ll know that there’s a lot going on.  People everywhere, excitedly coming together, tearfully saying goodbye, or for the seasoned traveler simply drifting through another prosaic process.  In 2014 commercial aviation is celebrating its 100th year and it’s fairly safe to say business is booming; in 2013 alone over 6 billion travelers passed through almost 2000 airports in 160 countries across the globe.  Here’s a run-down of the 10 busiest passenger airports in the world for 2013:

10.  Jakarta, Indonesia (CGK)

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, named after Indonesia’s first president and vice-president respectively, is the third busiest airport in Asia by passenger numbers.  Last year the number of travelers using the airport rose 4.1% to 60,137,347 and it’s only getting busier, with plans for a new third runway to be completed in 2015.  Even with this huge amount of travelers passing through, it has dropped down from its place as 9th busiest airport in 2012.

cesc_assawin / Shutterstock.com
cesc_assawin / Shutterstock.com

9.  Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas, USA (DFW)

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is less an airport and more a city-state; at almost 70 km sq. it’s the second largest airport by area in the USA and the US Postal Service considers it a city in itself, giving it its own ZIP code.  It boasts its own fire, police and emergency medical services, and is the largest operating hub for American Airlines.  In terms of passenger numbers, in 2013 they were up 3.2% from 2012 to 60,470,507, making it the 4th busiest airport in the US.

Frontpage / Shutterstock.com
Frontpage / Shutterstock.com

8.  Paris, France (CDG)

Opened in 1974, and named after French President from 1959 to 1969 Charles de Gaulle, the airport is the busiest in France and the second busiest in Europe.  Last year 62,052,917 made a trip through its 3 terminals, marking for an increase of 0.7% on the previous year.  The 2004 Tom Hanks movie The Terminal took inspiration from the case of Mehran Karimi Nasseri, who lived in Terminal 1 of Charles de Gualle from 1988 until 2006 after losing his refugee immigration papers.

Paris airport

7.  Dubai, United Arab Emirates (DXB)

Out of the top 10 busiest passenger airports Dubai International is the most rapidly growing.  Over the past 10 years annual footfall has increased by over 48m, and between 2012 and 2013 it increased by 15.2% to record 66,431,533 passengers using the airport.  A huge local and international hub, the airport is massively important to the local economy, contributing over a quarter of Dubai’s GDP, and supporting almost a 5th of the work force.

 Dubai airport

6.  Los Angeles, California, USA (LAX)

Known simply by its short form, LAX is the third busiest airport by passenger numbers in the USA with 66,667,619 people moving through it in 2013, up 4.7% from 2012.  Due to its proximity to Hollywood, LAX is often used as a filming location and has been featured in a number motion pictures, from the opening credits of The Graduate, to the climax of Heat, via the music video for The Backstreet Boys’ ‘I Want It That Way’.

American Spirit / Shutterstock.com
American Spirit / Shutterstock.com

5.  Chicago, Illinois, USA (ORD)

More commonly known as O’Hare the airport was originally built as manufacturing location for military aircraft during the second World War.  It was renamed in 1949 after Edward O’Hare, the first US Navy recipient of the Medal of Honour in World War 2 and until 1998 it was the world’s busiest airport in terms of passenger numbers until government restrictions designed to reduce delays were imposed.  As of 2013 the airport handles 66,777,161 domestic and international passengers a year.

Tupungato / Shutterstock.com
Tupungato / Shutterstock.com

4.  Tokyo, Japan (HND)

Tokyo International Airport, or Haneda as it’s broadly known is the second busiest passenger airport in Asia, and fourth busiest in the world handling 68,906,509 travelers in 2013, a 3.2% increase on the previous year.  After growing in 2010 the airport has the capacity to deal with 90m passengers, and is known for its punctuality having been recognized by Forbes Traveller more than once.  The first flight to depart from the airport was in August 1931, and took a cache of insects to Dalian in northeastern China.

Hit1912 / Shutterstock.com
Hit1912 / Shutterstock.com

3.  London, UK (LHR)

London is home to the busiest airport system in the world in terms of passenger traffic.  Over 100m people pass through the city’s 6 airports annually, 72,368,061 of them through Heathrow in 2013.  With the newest Terminal 5 opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 2008 Heathrow is the not only the busiest airport in the UK but in the whole of Europe.  It’s also the main hub for the UK’s flagship carrier British Airways.

Milosz_M / Shutterstock.com
Milosz_M / Shutterstock.com

2.  Beijing, China (PEK)

Passenger numbers are growing faster in Asia-Pacific than anywhere else in the world, and in 2013 the region handled 2.06 billion passengers – more than any other area on the planet.  The regions busiest airport is Beijing Capital International which as of last year dealt with 83,712,355 passengers.  In 2008 the latest terminal, Terminal 3, was opened in time for the Olympic Games and became the 6th largest building on earth by floor space, covering 1,713,000 square metres.

Beijing Airport

1. Atlanta, Georgia, USA (ATL)

Hartsfield-Jackson International, named after two previous mayors who championed aviation and construction of the airport – William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson – has been the busiest passenger airport in the world since 1998.  It maintained its spot atop the list in 2013 even though the number of travelers passing through dropped 1.1% from 2012 to 94,431,224.  Hartfield-Jackson is a major hub for flights in the US, with the most popular destinations in 2013 being to Orlando domestically, and Cancun, Mexico internationally.

Hartsfield-Jackson