The town of Paradise Valley, Ariz., was incorporated in May of 1961. It encompasses an area of 16.5 square miles. The town is exclusively zoned for single-family residential use. The majority of the town is zoned for one-acre lots with one house per lot. No multiple housing units or common walls are permitted. Any land use other than residential must be authorized by a special use permit, which may only be granted after public hearings before both the planning commission and the town council. Some authorized special uses are religious facilities, resorts, medical clinics, stables, golf courses or private schools. The town's population in 2000 was 13,664.