Claremont is a small affluent college town in eastern Los Angeles County, California, United States, about 30 miles (48 km) east of downtown Los Angeles at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. The population as of the 2010 census is 34,926. Claremont is known for its seven higher-education institutions, its tree-lined streets, and its historic buildings. In July 2007, it was rated by CNN/Money magazine as the fifth best place to live in the United States, and was the highest rated place in California on the list. Due to its large number of trees and residents with doctorates, it is known as "the City of Trees and PhDs."
The city is primarily residential, with commercial activity revolving around The Village, a popular collection of street-front small stores, boutiques, art galleries, offices, and restaurants westerly adjacent to the Claremont Colleges. The Village was expanded in 2007, adding a multi-use development that includes a cinema, a boutique hotel, retail space, offices, and a parking structure on the site of an old citrus packing plant just west of Indian Hill Blvd.
The citrus groves and open space which once dominated the northern portion of the city have been replaced by new residential developments of large homes. Construction of Stone Canyon Preserve, one of the final tract residential developments in the north of the city, commenced in 2003 as part of a complicated agreement between Pomona College and the City of Claremont which resulted in the creation of a 1,740-acre (7.0 km2) wilderness park. The foothills also include the Padua Hills Theatre, an historic site constructed in 1930.