Courtland is a census-designated place in Sacramento County, California, United States. Courtland is located along the Sacramento River 17 miles (27 km) south-southwest of Sacramento. Courtland has a post office with ZIP code 95615, which was established in 1872. Courtland was named after Courtland Sims, son of James V. Simes, a landowner who opened a steamer landing in the community in 1870.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km²), all of it land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Courtland had a population of 355. The population density was 197.2 people per square mile (76.1/km²). The racial makeup of Courtland was 247 (69.6%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 6 (1.7%) Native American, 4 (1.1%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 75 (21.1%) from other races, and 23 (6.5%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 200 persons (56.3%).