As of July 1, 2010, Maywood became the first municipality in California to dismantle its police department, lay off all city employees, except for the city manager, city attorney and elected officials, and contract with outside agencies for the provision of all municipal services, an unprecedented action among California cities." Maywood is now billing itself as the first American city to outsource all of its city services. The population was 27,395 at the 2010 census.
The land on which Maywood now stands had been populated by Native American tribes for centuries. The area that would later become Maywood was deeded in 1781 by the Spanish monarchy to Spanish War veteran Manuel Nieto. When the settlement of Pueblo de Nuestra Senora de Los Angeles was recorded, it included the cow pasture (now Maywood) that eventually turned into a rancho.