Statesboro is a city in southeast Georgia, United States, and is the county seat and most populous city of Bulloch County. In 2008, the U.S. Census population estimate for Statesboro was 27,158. In the 2010 Census, the Statesboro, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 70,217. A college town, Statesboro is best known as the home to Georgia Southern University, a Carnegie Doctoral-Research University. The city was chartered in 1803, starting as a small farming community providing the basic essentials for surrounding farms. In 1906 Statesboro leaders joined together to bid for and win First District A&M School, which eventually grew to become Georgia Southern University. Statesboro provided the inspiration for the blues song "Statesboro Blues", written by Blind Willie McTell in the 1920s and famously covered by The Allman Brothers Band.
In 1801, George Sibbald of Augusta donated an 9,301-acre (37.64 km2) tract for a centrally located county seat for the growing agricultural community of Bulloch County. In December 1803, the Georgia legislature created the town of Statesborough. In 1866 the state legislature granted a permanent charter and changed the spelling of the name to its present form, Statesboro.
During the Civil War and General William T. Sherman's famous march to the sea, a union officer asked a saloon proprietor for directions to Statesboro. The proprietor replied, "You are standing in the middle of town." The soldiers destroyed only the courthouse—a crude log structure that doubled as a barn when court was not in session. After the Civil War, the city began to grow and Statesboro emerged as a major town in southeastern Georgia.