Carterville is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, in the United States, and is geographically situated between Carbondale, Illinois and Marion, Illinois. The city is located next to Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge. The Refuge's 44,000 acres (180 km2) of land and water contain a wide diversity of flora and fauna . As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,496. Carterville's long serving Mayor is Bill Mausey . The city is part of the Carbondale-Marion combined statistical area and city has grown considerably as a residential community of Carbondale.
Carterville was founded by George M. McNeill and Laban Carter. McNeill married Olive Herrin of Herrin Prairie and, in 1866, they settled on the farm that is now known as Carterville. The Co-founder, Carter, came to Williamson County in 1864, and purchased 100 acres (0.40 km2) of land and helped organize and secure a post office for Carterville in 1871. Later the town was named in Carter's honor . McNeill was one of the youngest members of the Union army during the American Civil War. He enlisted at 16 and was with General Sherman during his March to the Sea.
Carterville is home to John A. Logan College, named for the local American Civil War hero and politician John A. Logan. A college of approximately 8,000 students, John A. Logan College has been featured in Rolling Stone Magazine as the nation's fifth best community college and in 2004 was recognized as one of the fastest growing community colleges in the nation .