Malta is a village in DeKalb County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,164 at the 2010 census, up from 969 at the 2000 census.
Malta was founded in 1855, under the name of Milton. Shortly afterwards, the name was changed to Etna, and then Malta after the Galena Railway station that serviced the village.
Malta struggled financially until the end of World War I, when an influx of new residents to the area arrived. Currently, Malta is a farming community. It also contains Kishwaukee College, founded in 1968.