Dawson is a village in Sangamon County, Illinois, United States. The population was 466 at the 2000 census. It is about 10 miles east of Springfield, Illinois and is part of the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Dawson was located along an old Indian trail that led from Clear Lake, Illinois, to Buffalo Hart, Illinois. It was named after John Dawson , a member of a political group in Illinois in the 1830s led by Abraham Lincoln that advocated moving the state capitol from Vandalia to Springfield. Dawson was incorporated in 1883.
As of the census of 2000, there were 466 people, 188 households, and 140 families residing in the village. The population density was 535.0 people per square mile (206.8/km²). There were 197 housing units at an average density of 226.2 per square mile (87.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.93% White, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.