Fairbury is a city in Livingston County, Illinois, United States. The population was 3,968 at the 2000 census.
In November 2010, the fundraising committee for Dominy Memorial Library began encouraging Fairbury citizens to visit the Reader's Digest web site and "Cheer" for the library's expansion and renovation project by cheering for Fairbury in the "We Hear You America" contest sponsored by the Reader's Digest. The contest allows visitors to the contest web site to "Cheer" for their favorite town in order to win cash prizes and recognition in the May 2011 issue of Reader's Digest magazine. Visitors can also post information about their choices for the prize money. Due to the initiation and the publicity efforts of the fundraising committee to use this contest as a fundraising effort on behalf of Dominy Memorial Library's renovation to provide access to those with disabilities, a better children's room, a meeting area, and more, Dominy Memorial Library was overwhelmingly mentioned as the project of choice for prize winnings. Fairbury citizens responded to this challenge for fundraising, and asked friends and family all across the nation and world to log on daily and vote for Fairbury, and Fairbury has held the #2 ranking for much of the contest. Contest voting ends on February 7, 2011, with the final winners to be announced at a later date.
Fairbury was laid out on November 10, 1857 by Caleb L. Patton and Octave Chanute. Like most Illinois towns of the 1850s, the original town of Fairbury was centered around a depot ground. It consisted of twenty-six blocks, each divided into fourteen to sixteen lots. There was no central public square, but one was later included in Marsh's addition. The plan used was virtually identical to that at Chatsworth Illinois, including the street names, and the plan very similar to that at Gridley and El Paso on the same railroad.