Peru is a city in, and the county seat of, Miami County, Indiana, United States. The population was 11,417 at the 2010 census, making it the most populous city in Miami County.
Residents usually pronounce the name of Peru like the name of the South American nation of Peru. Elderly Hoosiers commonly use the archaic pronunciation of /pɪəruː/ peer-oo.
Peru was founded in 1834 by Jason C Smith. Early in the 20th century, Peru was home to a pioneering automobile maker, Model Automobile Company; like most others, Model did not survive.