Salem is a city in Washington Township, Washington County, Indiana, United States. Salem serves as the county seat, and its downtown area is on the National Register of Historic Places (as are several local buildings). The population was 6,172 at the 2000 census.
Salem is primarily an agricultural community, surrounded by typical Indiana forests and farmland and small bodies of water. The primary crop grown in the area is corn and soybeans. Homes in the area are of a variety of styles, with a portion of residential homes having Victorian architectural design.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,172 people, 2,555 households, and 1,635 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,586.8 inhabitants per square mile (612.6/km²). There were 2,745 housing units at an average density of 705.7 per square mile (272.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.74% White, 0.03% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.42% of the population.