Established in 1879, the U.S. Geological Survey is a multidisciplinary scientific organization that focuses on the issues related to the areas of biology, geography and geology. It employs more than 9,000 scientists, technicians and support staff members in over 390 locations throughout the United States. The organization provides biological informatics, coastal and marine geology, contaminant biology, and cooperative water and earth surface dynamics programs. It also conducts surveys related to earthquake hazards, energy resources, national geomagnetism, and aquatic and endangered resources and programs. The organization conducts landslide hazard assessments and provides technical assistance services to respond to emergencies. It also offers hydrologic networks and analysis and land remote sensing programs. The organization measures, predicts and reports the status and trends related to biological resources in the country.