Beloit is a city in and the county seat of Mitchell County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,835.
On permanent organization of the county in 1870, Beloit was selected as the county seat of Mitchell County, Kansas and is located northeast of the center of the county on the Solomon River. The town site of Beloit was first settled by A.A. Bell in 1868 with the idea of improving the water power and for some time was known as Willow Springs. Beloit sits at the junction of the Union Pacific and the Missouri Pacific Railroads. It has an altitude of 1,381 feet and is located 162 miles from Topeka.
Local legend has it that the local Indians advised Bell to locate the town at a certain bend of the Solomon river to protect the town from tornadoes. To this date, downtown Beloit has never been hit with a tornado, although outlaying areas have.