Caney is a city in Montgomery County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,966.
Caney is located at 37°0′49″N 95°56′1″W / 37.01361°N 95.93361°W / 37.01361; -95.93361 (37.013537, -95.933739). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²), all of it land.
Mayfest is a yearly gathering to celebrate School Alumni and the town's festivities.