Hillsboro is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States. Hillsboro was named after John Gillespie Hill, who homesteaded in the area in 1871. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,993. Hillsboro is home of Tabor College, which has approximately 550 students.
For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1855, Marion County, Kansas, where Hillsboro is located, was founded.
Hillsboro was named after John Gillespie Hill, who homesteaded in the area in 1871. Originally Hill City was the city name, but since another city in Kansas already chose that name, it was changed to Hillsboro on June 20, 1879. The Hillsboro area was settled by Russian Mennonites beginning in 1874. These settlers brought with them a specific variety of winter wheat that is still grown today. Today, the Mennonite Settlement Museum remains to demonstrate the lives of these early settlers.