Paola ( /peɪoʊlə/) is a city in and the county seat of Miami County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,602.
Native American Indians, then Spanish explorers such as Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, and French missionary explorers in 1673 lived and traveled throughout the area of what is now Paola.
Settlement of the area primarily occurred however when Kaskaskia, Peoria, Wea, and Piankeshaw Indian tribes were forced to move to the area between 1827 and 1832. These formed the Confederated Allied Tribe which was led by Baptiste Peoria who was of both French and Indian ethnicity. They called their settlement Peoria Village.