Ashland is the largest city in and the county seat of Clark County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 867.
Ashland lies along what was once a military road from Fort Dodge (now Dodge City, Kansas) to the north and Fort Supply in the Indian Territory to the south. In 1870, during the Comanche Campaign against hostile Native Americans, the Army built two redoubts along the Dodge/Supply trail near the current site of Ashland: the Bear Creek Redoubt, five miles to the north, and the Cimarron Redoubt, nine miles to the south.
Ashland is located at 37°11′12″N 99°46′9″W / 37.18667°N 99.76917°W / 37.18667; -99.76917 (37.186803, -99.769259). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), all of it land.