Atwood is a city in and the county seat of Rawlins County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,194.
Atwood is located at 39°48′32″N 101°2′29″W / 39.80889°N 101.04139°W / 39.80889; -101.04139 (39.808971, -101.041370). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), of which, 1.0 square miles (2.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (5.45%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,279 people, 577 households, and 347 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,229.7 people per square mile (474.8/km²). There were 708 housing units at an average density of 680.7 per square mile (262.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.67% White, 0.16% African American, 0.23% Native American, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population.