Dighton is a city in and the county seat of Lane County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,038.
Dighton is located at 38°28′53″N 100°27′54″W / 38.48139°N 100.465°W / 38.48139; -100.465 (38.481506, -100.464893), at the intersection of K-96 and K-23. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.3 km²), all of it land.
The Homestead Act of 1862 offered 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land in the American West, previously owned by railroads, to homesteaders who could live on the land for five years. Drawn west by the promise of free, fertile land, pioneer settlers arrived in Kansas starting in 1869. In 1879, W.A. Watson arrived at the town site, and a post office was established. In 1885, there were three houses and seven voters in town. Lane County became a county in 1886, with Dighton as its county seat. By 1900, the population was 194, and by 1910 it had doubled again to 370, and the town had banks; a flour mill; a grain elevator; 2 newspapers; public schools; a hotel; merchants; Baptist, Catholic, and Methodist churches; telegraph service; a band; and telephones.