Erie is a city in and the county seat of Neosho County, Kansas, United States, and situated in the valley of the Neosho River, about a mile Northeast of the river. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,150.
A settlement named "Erie," later referred to as "Old Erie" and "Beantown USA," was platted 2 miles (3.2 km) northwest of the present townsite, while another community, known as "Crawfordsville," was started two miles southeast of the current site. In 1866, the proprietors of these two towns made a compromise to abandon the towns and start a new one. They selected the present townsite for the new location. In November of that year the Erie Town Company was formed consisting of D. W. Bray, Luther Packet, Peter Walters, and J. F. Hemilwright. Each member of this company donated forty acres of land in the center of Section 32, Township 28, Range 20 east.
Erie's first fire company was established in November 1866; its charter members were those men who had donated the land on which the community was built. The first log home in Erie was built in 1866, while the first businesses were built in the following year. By 1883, the city had two general stores, two blacksmith shops, one drug store, two hotels, one newspaper office, two churches, and a population of about 300.