Moscow is a city in Stevens County, in southwest Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 310.
Moscow is located at 37°19′26″N 101°12′23″W / 37.323843°N 101.206506°W / 37.323843; -101.206506 (37.323843, -101.206506), on U.S. Highway 56 in southwest Kansas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.4 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 247 people, 96 households, and 67 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,418.7 people per square mile (561.0/km2). There were 111 housing units at an average density of 637.6 per square mile (252.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.52% White, 1.62% African American, 4.45% Native American, 14.98% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.41% of the population.