Peabody is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States. It is named after F.H. Peabody, of Boston, former vice-president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[book 1] Peabody is well known in the region for its Independence Day Celebration on July 4, and its historic 1880's downtown main street. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,210, a decline from 1,384 in 2000.
For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1855, Marion County, Kansas, where Peabody is located, was founded.
The first settler in the Peabody area was W.C. Coble, from North Carolina, who set up ranch headquarters a few miles east of Peabody in 1864.