Protection is a city in Comanche County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 514.
The town became nationally and internationally known via radio and television in 1955-1956, when the National Polio Foundation chose it as the center for the free distribution of Salk vaccine shots for polio. It then became 100 percent protected.
Protection is located at 37°12′5″N 99°29′0″W / 37.20139°N 99.483333°W / 37.20139; -99.483333 (37.201316, -99.483403). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.5 km²), all of it land.