Reading is a city in Lyon County, Kansas, United States. The population was 231 for the 2010 census. It is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.
In 1870, a tract of land on which Reading is now located was owned by McMann & Co of Reading, Pennsylvania. When the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway railroad was built through the area, a town company for Reading was organized with James Fagan as president of it. A town site of sixty acres of Section 3, Township 18, Range 13, was laid off and called Reading, in honor of Reading, Pennsylvania, and during the summer of 1870 the town site was laid off.
In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway railroad merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and was renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".