Pikeville is a city in Pike County, Kentucky. The population was 6,903 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Pike County.
On March 25, 1822, the county's government officials decided to build a new county seat named Liberty, one and one-half mile below the mouth of the Russell Fork River. But some Pike County residents opposed the plan and wanted the county seat to be built at a different location. So the following year, the residents agreed on a location on farm of Elijah Adkins. The new county seat was originally known as Pike or Piketon, but in 1850 it was officially named Pikeville, after explorer Zebulon Pike. On May 6, 1893, Pikeville officially became a city with a charter granted by Kentucky governor John Young Brown.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,295 people, 2,705 households, and 1,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 408.0 people per square mile (157.5/km²). There were 2,981 housing units at an average density of 193.2 per square mile (74.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.58% White, 2.64% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.40% of the population.