Burlington is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 24,498 at the 2010 census.
It is believed that Burlington takes its name from the English town of Bridlington, however this has never been confirmed. It was first settled in 1641 and was officially incorporated on February 28, 1799; several of the early homesteads are still standing, such as the Francis Wyman House, dating from 1666. The town is sited on the watersheds of the Ipswich, Mystic, and Shawsheen rivers. In Colonial times up through the late 19th century, there was industry in the mills along Vine Brook, which runs from Lexington, Massachusetts to Bedford, Massachusetts, and then empties into the Shawsheen River.
It is now a suburban industrial town at the junction of the Boston-Merrimack corridor, but for most of its history it was almost entirely agricultural, selling hops and rye to Boston and supplementing that income with small shoe-making shops. Early railroad expansion passed the town by (although the town was serviced by the Middlesex Turnpike), limiting its early development, and Burlington continued to cure hams for the Boston market and produce milk, fruit, and vegetables.