Braddock Heights, MD
Braddock Heights is a census-designated place (CDP) in Frederick County, Maryland, United States. The population was 4,627 at the 2000 census. Braddock Heights is part of the Middletown, Maryland School District. The local post codes are 21714 (Post Office boxes only) and 21703.
Braddock Heights is located at an elevation of 950 feet (290 m) atop Braddock Mountain (as Catoctin Mountain is locally known) near the pass at Braddock Springs, so named after British General Edward Braddock and Lt. Colonel George Washington’s use of the mountain pass on their way to Fort Duquesne during the French and Indian War on April 29, 1755. During the Civil War, Braddock Heights was the site of a minor cavalry battle between generals J.E.B. Stuart (CSA) and Alfred Pleasonton (USA) on September 13, 1862; it was at that time known as Fairview Pass. One mile east of Braddock Heights, near the base of Braddock Mountain, are the older communities of Clifton and Old Braddock.
The picturesque view of the city of Frederick from Old Braddock—also known as Fairview, elevation 550 feet (170 m)—was the inspiration for Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. to record in his 1862 journal: