Courtland is a city in Nicollet County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 611 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Mankato–North Mankato Metropolitan Statistical Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (6.9 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 538 people, 188 households, and 150 families residing in the city. The population density was 202.5 people per square mile (78.1/km²). There were 190 housing units at an average density of 71.5 per square mile (27.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 1.12% Asian, 0.37% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.56% of the population.