Canton is a city in Lewis County, Missouri, United States. The population was 2,557 at the 2000 census. Canton is the site of Culver-Stockton College, a small liberal arts college affiliated with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). It is part of the Quincy, IL–MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Canton has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.6 km²), of which, 2.3 square miles (5.9 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (10.24%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,557 people, 884 households, and 536 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,118.1 people per square mile (431.1/km²). There were 1,011 housing units at an average density of 442.1 per square mile (170.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.07% White, 2.11% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.