Carterville is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,850 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Carterville is located at 37°8′58″N 94°26′25″W / 37.14944°N 94.44028°W / 37.14944; -94.44028 (37.149458, -94.440199). Carterville's main street is the former U.S. Route 66.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km²), all of it land.