Memphis is a city in Scotland County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,822 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Scotland County. Memphis is located southeast of Pulaski, Iowa, north of Baring, east of Lancaster, and west of Kahoka.
Memphis is located at 40°27′39″N 92°10′12″W / 40.46083°N 92.17°W / 40.46083; -92.17 (40.460889, -92.169908), along the North Fabius River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,822 people, 888 households, and 523 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,316.1 people per square mile (506.9/km²). There were 1,052 housing units at an average density of 671.8 per square mile (258.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.88% White, 0.19% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.