Springfield is the third largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri. It is the county seat of Greene County. According to the 2010 census data, the population was 159,498, an increase of 5.2% since the 2000 census. The Springfield Metropolitan Area, population 436,712, includes the counties of Christian, Dallas, Greene, Polk and Webster. Springfield's nickname is the "Queen City of the Ozarks". It is also known as the "Cultural Center of the Ozarks", the "Gateway to the Ozarks", and the "Birthplace of Route 66".
Often known as the northern most southern city in the United States, Springfield was a big part of the confederacy. The territory known as Missouri was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 which originally gave the city its southern roots. Soon after, the Delaware Native Americans received treaty land where Springfield’s Sequiota Park and the antique stores of its Galloway Village stand today. To the west, 500 Kickapoo Native Americans built wickiups on the prairie that still bears their name.
Missouri became a state on August 10, 1821, and in 1833 the legislature designated most of the southern portion a single county. It was named for Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene, largely through a campaign by Springfield's founder, John Polk Campbell, to honor a man he admired. A Tennessee homesteader, Campbell announced his claim in 1829.