Canton is a city in Madison County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 12,911 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Madison County, and situated in the northern part of the metropolitan area surrounding the state capital, Jackson.
Much of Canton is on the National Register of Historic Places. The courthouse square is a beautiful historic shopping district and host to the Canton Flea Market. The East side of town is a large part of the historic district with many historic homes and a few bed and breakfasts.
Although not a major battle site during the Civil War, Canton was important as a rail and logistics center. Many wounded soldiers were treated in or transported through the city, and as a consequence it has a large Confederate cemetery.