Burlington is a city in Alamance and Guilford counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is the principal city of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Alamance County, in which most of the city is located. The population was 44,917 at the 2000 census. According to Census estimates, the city population in 2008 was 50,857, and the Metropolitan Statistical Area population was nearly 150,000 in 2008.
Burlington is located at 36°5′23″N 79°26′44″W / 36.08972°N 79.44556°W / 36.08972; -79.44556 (36.089636, -79.445578).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.3 square miles (55.3 km²), of which, 21.3 square miles (55.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.28%) is water.