Mebane (/mɛbən/) is a city located mostly in Alamance County, North Carolina, United States, with a part of it in Orange County, North Carolina. It is part of the Burlington, North Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current population estimate (2008) is 10,624. According to the Official website of Mebane, NC, the town was named for General Alexander Mebane, Jr., a Revolutionary War figure and member of the U. S. Congress. It was incorporated as Mebanesville in 1881, then the name was changed to Mebane. In 1987, the official name became the City of Mebane.
Mebane is located at 36°5′45″N 79°16′15″W / 36.09583°N 79.27083°W / 36.09583; -79.27083 (36.095957, -79.270861). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (15.2 km²).None of the area is covered with water, except for Lake Michael and a few scattered ponds.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,284 people, 2,936 households, and 2,040 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,244.2 people per square mile (480.7/km²). There were 3,246 housing units at an average density of 554.5 per square mile (214.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.40% White, 17.48% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.24% of the population.