Rockingham is a city in Richmond County, North Carolina, United States named after the Marquis of Rockingham. The population was 9,672 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Richmond County. Rockingham is the home of Rockingham Speedway, formerly the North Carolina Speedway, which was a staple of the NASCAR schedule for nearly 40 years, before the race was discontinued in 2004.
Rockingham is located at 34°56′22″N 79°45′40″W / 34.93944°N 79.76111°W / 34.93944; -79.76111 (34.939528, -79.761236).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19.0 km²).7.3 square miles (18.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.41%) is water.