Rushville is a city in Sheridan County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 890 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Sheridan County.
Rushville is located at 42°43′2″N 102°27′37″W / 42.71722°N 102.46028°W / 42.71722; -102.46028 (42.717209, -102.460350).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.0 km²), all of it land.