The village of Axtell was incorporated on December 14, 1885. Basic economic activities in Axtell include farming and farm related occupations. Axtell became known as "The Windmill City" for the large number of windmill within the community. Axtell is also known as the home of Mosaic - Bethphage Village of Axtell, which provides services for the developmentally disabled. Bethphage was founded in 1913 by K. G. William Dahl, a minister of the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church.
Axtell is located at 40°28?48?N 99°7?38?W / 40.48°N 99.12722°W / 40.48; -99.12722 (40.479905, -99.127265).